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EUROPE and NORTH ATLANTIC
Mini World Atlas

Use Edit >> Find, or scroll down,  to locate a country of your choice. Previous names for the country are shown in brackets. Alternate spelling for the country name are given if different than the English name. Where a different alphabet is used, a phometic transliteration is given, unless the name sounds the same as in English. "Intl Oval" = Oval sign or sticker used to designate vehicle origin, eg: or . Click on country location map for more detailed map.

To find more info about a country, use your favorite search engine with the country name followed by wiki or cia, for example: Canada wiki or Canada cia.

ALAND          Ahvenanmaa
Location Baltic Sea/Northern Europe
Capital Mariehamn
Religion Christianity (protestantism)
Language Swedish
Political Status Autonomous territory
History Autonomous territory of Finland 1917
Intl Oval FIN
ALBANIA      Shqipëri/Shqipëria
Location South Eastern Europe
Capital Tiranë  (Tirana)
Religions 60% Islam (Sunni), 20% Christianity
Language Albanian
History Turkish occupation ended 1912. Italian-German occupation ended 1944.
Intl Oval AL
ANDORRA
Location Western Europe
Capital Andorra la Vella
Religion Christianity
Language Catalan
History Formed as an independent state in 1278
Intl Oval AND
AUSTRIA      Österreich
(Austo-Hungarian Empire)
Location Central Europe
Capital Wien  (Vienna)
Religion Christianity
Language German
History German occupation ended 1804, re-asserted 1939-1945.
Intl Oval A
BELARUS      Белару́сь   Bielarus’ Белару́сь    Belarus
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Minsk
Religion Christianity
Language Belarusian, Russian.
History Russian occupation ended 1991
Intl Oval BY
BELGIUM    België   Belgique   Belgien About this sound
Location Western Europe
Capital Brussel   Bruxelles   (Brussels)
Religion Christianity
Languages Dutch, French, German
History Seceded from Netherlands 1830. German occupation 1940-1945. Includes Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels
Intl Oval B
BOSNIA and HERCEGOVINA          (Croatia)
Босна и Херцеговина
Location Central Europe
Capital Sarajevo
Religions Christianity, Islam (Sunni)
Language Serbo-Croat
History Seceded from Yugoslavia 1991. Partitioned after civil war 1995 into Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina, and Republic of Srpska.
See Below.
Intl Oval BIH
REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA    Република Српска
Location Central Europe
Capital Sarajevo
Religions Christianity, Islam (Sunni)
Language Serbo-Croat
History Seceded from Yugoslavia 1991. Partitioned after civil war 1995 into Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina, and Republic of Srpska.
Intl Oval

BIH

BULGARIA     Българи
Location South East Europe
Capital Sofija    (Sofia)
Religion Christianity
Language Bulgarian
History Turkish occupation ended 1908.
Intl Oval BG
CHANNEL ISLANDS

Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Jersey, and Sark are islands in the English Channel of the North Sea, between United Kingdom and mainland Europe, administered by UK.


Alderney Guernsey  Jersey     Sark       Herm 
 

CROATIA     Hrvatska
Location Central Europe
Capital Zagreb
Religion Christianity
Language Croatian
History Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia 1991
Intl Oval HR
CYPRUS     Κύπρος       Kıbrıs
Location Mediterranean
Capital Lefkosía  (Nicosia)
Religions Christianity, Islam (sunni
Languages Greek, Turkish
History British occupation ended 1960. Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared independence 1974, but not recognized.
Intl Oval CY
CZECH REPUBLIC     Česká republika  
(Czechoslovakia)
Location Central Europe
Capital Praha   (Prague)
Religion Christianity 
Language Czech
History  Czechoslovakia separated into Czech Republic and Slovakia 1993.
Intl Oval CZ
DANZIG     Gdansk

Danzig was an independent free city from 1918 - 1938. It became part of Germany  1939 - 1945. Danzig became part of Poland and is called Gdansk 1945 - present. Port city on the Balyic Sea.

International Oval: DA

DENMARK      DANMARK
Location Northern Europe
Capital Křbenhavn   (Copenhagen)
Religion Christianity
Language Danish
History German occupation 1940 - 1945. Includes Faroe Islands and Greenland .
Intl Oval DK
EAST GERMANY   (DDR)  
Deutsche Demokratische Republik

Germany was split into the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) 1949. East Germany and West Germany joined in 1990 to become unified Germany.

International Oval: DDR

ENGLAND     See United Kingdom
ESTONIA     Eesti
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Tallinn
Religion Christianity
Language Estonian, Russian
History Russian occupation ended 1991.
Intl Oval EST
FAROE ISLANDS     Fřroyar  (Fśɹjaɹ) Fćrřerne   Fćrřyene
Location Northern Atlantic
Capital Tórshavn    (Thorshavn)
Religion Christianity
Languages Faroeic, Danish
History Faroe Islands became Danish in 1380.
Intl Oval FR
FINLAND       Suomi
Location Northern Europe
Capital Helsingfors    (Helsinki)
Religion Christianity
Languages Finnish, Swedish, Sami
History Russian occupation ended 1917.
Intl Oval FIN
FRANCE     République française  
Location Western Europe
Capital Paris
Religion Christianity
Language French
History German occupation 1940 - 1945.
Intl Oval F
GEORGIA     საქართველო     Sakartvelo
Location Caucasus
Capital T'bilisi    (Tbilisi)
Religion Christianity
Language Georgian
History Russian occupation ended 1991. Abkhazian, Adzharian and South-Ossetian minorities are attempting secession, not recognized.
Intl Oval GEO
GERMANY  Bundesrepublik Deutschland
 (BDR)       (West Germany)
Location Western Europe
Capital Berlin
Religion Christianity
Language German, Serbian, Danish
History Germany was split into the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) 1949. East Germany and West Germany joined in 1990 to become unified Germany.
Intl Oval D
GIBRALTAR
Location South Europe
Religion Christianity
Language English
History British occupation ended 1970, claimed by Spain.
Intl Oval GBZ
GREECE     Ελλάδα,    Elláda
Hellenic Republic  Ελληνική Δημοκρατία  
Location South East Europe
Capital Athínai   (Athens)
Religion Christianity
Language Greek
History Turkish occupation ended 1830. German occupation 1940 - 1945. Includes Rhodes and Crete.
Intl Oval GR
GREENLAND     Grřnland
Kalaallit Nunaat
Location North Atlantic
Capital Nuuk
Religion Christianity
Languages Inuit, Danish
History Greenland became Danish in 1721
Intl Oval DK
HUNGARY     Magyarország
Location Central Europe
Capital Budapest
Religion Christianity
Language Hungarian
History Hungary seceded from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1918. German occupation 1941 - 1945. Soviet occupation until 1989.
Intl Oval H
ICELAND     Ísland
Location Northern Europe / Atlantic
Capital Reykjavik
Religion Christianity
Language Icelandic
History Danish occupation ended 1944.
Intl Oval IS
ISLE OF MAN     Ellan Vannin or Mannin
Location Irish Sea
Capital Douglas
Religion Christianity (protestantism and catholicism)
Languages English, Manx
History British dependency 1827
Intl Oval GBM
ISLES OF SCILLY     Syllan or Enesek Syllan

British islands offshore Cornwall, southwest England, in the Atlantic Ocean, administered by UK.
IRELAND     Éire     Airlan
Location Western Europe
Capital Baile Atha Cliath     (Dublin)
Religion Christianity
Language Irish, English.
History British occupation ended 1921. Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom.
Intl Oval IRL
ITALY     Italia
Location Southern Europe
Capital Roma    (Rome)
Religion Christianity
Language Italian, German, French, Ladino
History German occupation 1942 - 1945.
Intl Oval I
KOSOVO     Kosova     Косово
Location Southern Europe
Capital Pristina
Religions Islam (sunni), Christianity
Languages Albanian, Serbian
History Independence from Serbia 2008.
Intl Oval CS
LATVIA     Latvijas
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Riga
Religion Christianity
Language Latvian, Russian.
History Russian occupation ended 1991.
Intl Oval LV
LIECHTENSTEIN
Location Central Europe
Capital Vaduz
Religion Christianity
Language German
History Independence from Germany 1806
Intl Oval FL
LITHUANIA     Lietuva  
Lietuvos Respublika
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Vilnius
Religion Christianity
Language Lithuanian, Russian, Polish
History Russian occupation ended 1991.
Intl Oval LT
LUXEMBOURG      Lëtzebuer
Location West Europe
Capital Lëtzebuerg   (Luxembourg, Luxemburg)
Religion Christianity
Languages Luxembourgian, French, German
History Austrian occupatiom ended 1815, Dutch ended 1890.
Intl Oval L
MACEDONIA     Македонија
Location South East Europe
Capital Skopje
Religions Christianity, Islam (sunni)
Language Macedonian, Albanian.
History Seceded from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Intl Oval MK
MALTA
Location Mediterranean
Capital Valletta
Religion Christianity
Language Maltese. English.
History British occupation ended 1964
Intl Oval M
MOLDOVA     Moldavia
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Chisinau
Religion Christianity
Language Moldovan, Russian
History Russian occupation ended 1991. Transdniestria seceded unilaterally from Moldova 1990. The region of Gagauzia is autonomous.
Intl Oval MD
MONACO
Location Southern Europe (Mediterranean)
Capital Monaco
Religion Christianity
Language French
History Independence from Sardinia in 1861
Intl Oval MC
MONTENEGRO   Crna Gora   Црна Гора
Republic of Serbia (Republika Srbije) and the Republic of Montenegro (Republika Crna Gora)
Location South East Europe
Capital Podgorica
Religion Christianity
Language Serbian
History Yugoslavia reconstituted as "Serbia and Montenegro" 2003, Montenegro separated from Serbia 2006.
Intl Oval MNE
NETHERLANDS     Nederland     (Holland)
Location Western Europe
Capitals Amsterdam, Den Haag  (The Hague)
Religion Christianity
Language Dutch, Frisian
History Seceded from Spanish rule 1581, German occupation 1940-1945
Intl Oval NL
NORTHERN CYPRUS   Kuzey Kıbrıs
See Cyprus
Location Mediterranean
Capital Nicosia
Religion Islam (sunni)
Language Turkish
History Northern Cyprus seceded from Cyprus in 1983 after an invasion by Turkey in 1974, not recognized.
Intl Oval CY
NORTHERN IRELAND   See United Kingdom
Tuaisceart Éireann  
  Norlin Airlann

Ireland partitioned 1921 into Eire and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland remained part of the United Kingdom.

NORWAY      Norge
Location North Europe
Capital Oslo
Religion Christianity
Language Norwegian
History Seceded from Sweden 1905, German occupation 1940-1945
Intl Oval N
POLAND     Polska
Location Central Europe
Capital Warszawa   (Warsaw)
Religion Christianity
Language Polish
History Poland regained independence in 1918, German occupation 1939-1945. Soviret intervention 1945 - 1981.
Intl Oval PL
PORTUGAL     Portuguesa
Location South Europe
Capital Lisboa     (Lisbon)
Religion Christianity
Language Portuguese
History Independent 1140.
Intl Oval P
PORTUGAL-AZORES     Açores

The Azores is a province of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean.
PORTUGAL-MADIERA

Madeira
is a province of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, offshore North Africa, but treated as part of Europe.
ROMANIA     România
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Bucuresti   (Bucharest)
Religion Christianity
Language Romanian
History Turkish occupation ended 1878, German occupation 1940 - 1945
Inl Oval RO
RUSSIA      Россия     Rossiya
Russian Federation    (Soviet Union)
Location Eastern Europe and North Asia (Siberia)  Click HERE for detail map
Capital Moskva  (Moscow)
Religion Christianity
Language Russian. Many others
History Russia was formed in 1521, became the main constituent part of the Soviet Union 1922, which broke up 1991.
  Russian Federation includes the following autonomous republics:
Adygeya, Altai, Bashkortostan, Burjatia, Chakasia, Chechnia, Chuvasia, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmukia, Karacha-Cherkesia, Karelia, Komi, Mari El, Mordovia, North-Ossetia, Sacha (Jakutia), Tatarstan, Tuva and Udmurtia. Chechnia and Tatarstan did not sign the federation treaty. Tatarstan (Tatar Republic) declared independence 1994.
Intl Oval RUS
SAARLAND
Location Western Europe
Language German
History Independent 1920 - 1935, reverted to Germany by plebiscite. French administration 1946 - 1956, reverted to Germany 1957.
Intl Oval SA
SAN MARINO
Location South Europe
Capital San Marino
Religion Christianity
Language Italian
History Independent state in 885
Intl Oval RSM
SCOTLAND   See United Kingdom

 

SERBIA    Srbij     Србија      (Yugoslavia)
Location South East Europe
Capital Beograd           (Belgrade)
Religion Christianity
Language Serbian
History Yugoslavia formed 1919 by unification of Serbia, Montenegro and South-Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary. Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina seceded 1991, Macedonia in 1993. Partitioned into Republic of Serbia (Republika Srbije) and the Republic of Montenegro (Republika Crna Gora) 2003. Montenegro separated 2006. Kosovo independent 2008.
Intl Oval SRB
SLOVAKIA     Slovenská republika        (Czechoslovakia)
Location Central Europe
Capital Bratislava
Religion Christianity
Language Slovak, Hungarian
History Czechoslovakia partitioned into Slovakia and Czech Republic 1993.
Intl Oval SK
SLOVENIA     Slovenija
Location Central Europe
Capital Ljubljana
Religion Christianity
Language Slovenian
History Slovenia seceded from Yugoslavia 1991
Intl Oval SLO
SOVIET UNION    (USSR, CCCP)            See RUSSIA
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик
Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik

In 1991, the Soviet Union (USSR.) split into the following now independent countries: +Armenia, *Azerbaijan, +Belarus, +Estonia, +Georgia, *Kazakhstan, *Kyrgystan, +Latvia, +Lithuania, +Moldova, +*Russia, *Tajikistan, *Turkmenistan, +Ukraine, *Uzbekistan.
     
* = Asia   + = Europe (This Page)
International Oval: SU
SPAIN     Espańa
Location South Europe
Capital Madrid
Religion Christianity
Language Spanish (Castillian), Catalan, Basque.
History Castillia merged with Aragon as Spain 1479. German occupation 1940 - 1945.
Intl Oval E
SPAIN-BALEARES
Illes Balears     Islas Baleares

The Balearic Islands (Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca, and Formentera) are a province of Spain in the Mediterranean Sea.
SPAIN-CANARY     Islas Canarias

The Canary Islands are a province of Spain in the Atlantic Ocean offshore Northwest Africa..
SPAIN-CEUTA and MELILLA

Ceuta and Melilla are Spanish enclaves on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco.
SWEDEN     Sverige
Location Northern Europe
Capital Stockholm
Religion Christianity
Language Swedish
History German occupation 1940 - 1945
Intl Oval S
SWITZERLAND     Schweiz     Suisse  Svizzera     Svizra
Location Central Europe
Capital Bern
Religion Christianity
Languages German, French, Italian, Romansch
History Switzerland was founded in 1291
Intl Oval CH
UKRAINE     Україна    
Location Eastern Europe
Capital Kyiv   (Kiev)
Religion Christianity
Language Ukrainian, Russian.
History Russian occupation ended 1991, Crimea re-annexed by Russia 2013. Civil War 2014+
Intl Oval UA
UNITED KINGDOM       (GREAT BRITAIN)
Location Western Europe
Capital London
Religion Christianity
Language English
History England, Wales and Scotland merged into the United Kingdom in 1707, Ireland in1801. Ireland seceded 1921, Northern Ireland remained part of the UK. 
Intl Oval GB
WALES            See UNITED KINGDOM
YUGOSLAVIA     Jugoslavija     See Serbia
Location South East Europe
Capital Beograd           (Belgrade)
Religion Christianity
Language Serbian
History Yugoslavia formed 1919 by unification of Serbia, Montenegro and South-Slavic parts of Austria-Hungary. Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina seceded 1991, Macedonia in 1993. Partitioned into Republic of Serbia (Republika Srbije) and the Republic of Montenegro (Republika Crna Gora) 2003. Montenegro separated 2006. Kosovo independent 2008.
Intl Oval SRB